The petroleum industry is a major producer of consumer products all over the world, studies show that 90 million barrels of petroleum are consumed around the world every single day. With that in mind, here are the top 7 petroleum-based products that many of the companies that DCM work with use, as well as each products common use in modern society.
The most prolific petroleum-based product in use today is gasoline. Often referred to as petrol (for obvious reasons), gasoline is a transparent (clear) liquid we distill from fractional crude oil. Obviously, gasoline is a primary source of fuel for internal combustion engines, serving motor vehicles as well as compressors and electrical generators, too.
Another, commonly known fuel, kerosene is combustible just like gasoline but it contains hydrocarbons; it is less commonly known as paraffin. You are probably most familiar with kerosene as the fuel for lamps but it is also used around the world for heating, cooking, lighting fuels, and even some toys. It is also, actually, a primary fuel for modern jet engines.
Lubricating oils are classified by viscosity; thus, they are used to reduce friction between surfaces. These oils are also known to have thermal and hydraulic stability and also a low freezing point. One specific trait unique to lubricating oils is that they contain 90 percent of base oil and then also 10 percent of additives.
Solid and waxy in nature, paraffin wax is used as a lubricant. It is mostly used in the manufacture of waxing materials like seal, flooring, crayons, surfboard wax, candles, cosmetics (Vaseline) etc.
Noted for its very low sulfur content, diesel is a derivative of petroleum which we obtain from fractional distillation of crude oil at a higher boiling range than that of traditional gasoline. Diesel, of course, is primarily used for automobile, truck, bus, and railway engines. It is also used for gas turbines as well as external combustion engines.
Also somewhat commonly known as bitumen, asphalt is darker (black) and thicker than petroleum and classified as pitch with a viscosity similar to cold molasses. This product is mostly used for roadmaking.
While tar can be manufactured from wood, coal, and peat, it can also be distilled from petroleum. Tar can be used as a disinfectant or as a ship hull or to seal roofs.